Iran Mulling to Release Factsheet on Lausanne Understanding
"The AEOI and the foreign ministry have compiled a factsheet together which is now in Mr. Zarif's hand and if he deems it to be necessary, he will present the factsheet so that the great Iranian nation will be informed of (our responses to) certain ambiguities, although these points have (already) been responded," Salehi said in an interview with the state-run TV on Wednesday.
He said that the factsheet that the Americans released on the Lausanne understanding was a mixture of correct and wrong points as well as Americans' own interpretations to create some confusion in Iran.
His remarks came after Gholam-Ali Jafarzade, an Iranian legislator who was present in the parliament's yesterday closed-door session with Zarif and Salehi on the nuclear issue, pointed out that the Iranian Foreign Ministry planned to release a Factsheet about the Lausanne statement to stress the concerns of the nation and the MPs, reiterating that the release of the factsheet had been the most important news given to the MPs in that session.
"This is the most important thing that we should wait for in the next few days so that those issues that have stirred serious concern among the Iranians will be revised and released in this factsheet," he added.
Iran and the Group 5+1 (the US, Russia, China, Britain and France plus Germany) started their new round of talks in Lausanne, Switzerland, on March 26 to narrow their differences over Tehran's nuclear energy program ahead of a July 1 deadline.
After nine days of hard work, the seven nations reached an understanding on Thursday which laid the ground for them to start drafting the final nuclear deal.
Reading out a joint statement at a press conference with EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini in Lausanne, Switzerland, on Thursday, Zarif said according to the agreement, all the US, EU and UN Security Council sanctions against Iran will be lifted under the final deal.
"Our decision today that will be the agreed base for the final text of the Joint Plan of Action (the final deal) is of vital importance," Zarif said, reading the joint statement at the press conference.
"Now we can start drafting the final agreement and its annexations by relying on the solutions achieved in the last few days," he said after eight days of marathon talks with negotiators from the six world powers.
"As Iran continues its peaceful nuclear program, the degree and capacity of its enrichment and the size of its (enriched uranium) stockpile will be limited for specific periods and Natanz will be the only enrichment center in Iran. Nuclear enrichment R&D on centrifuge machines in Iran will be conducted on the basis of an agreed timeline and level."
Zarif said Fordo will turn from a nuclear enrichment plant to a nuclear, physics and technological center, where Iran will receive international cooperation.
The Iranian foreign minister also said the country's Arak Heavy Water Reactor will remain in place after being redesigned and renovated through international cooperation, stressing that the facility will remain a Heavy Water Reactor in nature, but will produce plutonium which won't have the capability to be used for nuclear weapons production.
He said "there won't be any reprocessing at the Arak facility and its consumed nuclear fuel will be sent" abroad.
"A collection of arrangements have been agreed for supervising the implementation of the contents of the Joint Plan of Action (final deal) which will include Safeguard Code 3.1 and voluntary implementation of the Additional Protocol (to the NPT); the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) will also use modern inspection technologies and will be given more agreed access to verify past and present issues," Zarif said.
He said Iran will partner in international nuclear projects, "including power plant and research reactor construction as well as nuclear safety and security".
Zarif stressed that all sanctions against Iran will be lifted.
He said all UN Security Council sanctions resolution against Iran will be annulled as they did not help the settlement of the nuclear standoff between Iran and the six world powers.
"The EU will terminate imposition of its nuclear-related economic and financial sanctions and the United States will also stop implementation of its nuclear-related financial and economic sanctions simultaneous with the implementation of Iran's major nuclear undertakings in a way that they are verified by the IAEA," Zarif said.
Zarif said the final deal will be endorsed by a UN Security Council resolution in a move to annul all the previous nuclear-related resolutions against Iran.
He said drafting of the deal will start soon to prepare the Joint Plan of Action by the July 1 deadline.
In a subsequent solo press conference, Zarif warned that Tehran will reciprocate any violation of the final nuclear deal by the six world powers with similar action.
Zarif told reporters that the agreements and the shared understanding developed in the last eight days of talks will be the basis for working out a final nuclear deal after the inclusion of details and mechanisms for implementing them.
Zarif reiterated that a final deal should be worked out in the next three months.
He said Iran is committed to the documents that it signs and expects the six world powers to do the same.
Zarif said work will continue by the seven nations "to proceed based on their present shared understanding", adding that the seven nations should look ahead with optimism "and if any problem arises, we should sit and talk based on mutual respect, and then move ahead".
Asked about Iran's possible reaction if the opposite side defies its undertakings under the pretext of having a different interpretation of the solutions gained, he said that the seven nations party to the nuclear talks might present today's agreement in different ways as they see fit.
"What was agreed as different solutions to achieve a comprehensive joint plan of action is based on a win-win approach that will end the sanctions against Iran."
"Iran's nuclear program will continue, but we will adopt measures to build confidence at international level," he added.
He said Iran will inspect the opposite sides' actions and attitude precisely to verify their compliance with the terms of the final deal, once the document is drafted and put into effect.
"There will be a text on which we will agree and move ahead step by step and all the mechanisms should go into effect article by article. We will be ready to remove any pretext or excuse that could be sought by the western side through logic and reasoning."
"But if lack of action is witnessed, reciprocal measures will be taken," the Iranian foreign minister warned.
Zarif underlined that Iran's nuclear R&D will continue and none of Iran's nuclear facilities will be shut down.
He repeated that all the US, EU and UN security council sanctions against will be removed.
He said over 5,000 centrifuge machines will work at Natanz to do industrial-scale enrichment for Iran, while around 1,000 more centrifuges will operate at Fordo, but not for industrial-scale uranium enrichment.
He appreciated the Iranian Supreme Leader for his support throughout the talks as well as Salehi for his technical contribution to the negotiations.